Introduction to Textile Science
The history gives us a trace about Indian textile which started from 18th century. India was known as textile hub. So, what is textile all about? Is it the visual look of the garment or is it more than that?
Textile is technical, textile is science & the innovation is never ending. There are lot of factors or research which helps us to understand a fabric through textile. It provides the physical, chemical & biological property of a fibre. It helps designer to make a sensible choice choosing the fabric appropriate to their design. It also helps to understand about various dyeing & painting or colouring techniques to fabric. It plays a major role in the development of a fabric. The process of developing a fabric is quite complex as it must go through a series of processes.
As every fabric is different from the other in its properties a thorough fabric analysis is important. Textile helps in better understanding of fabric.
There are many new innovations, research & development in textile & making new ways for many new fabrics which not only suits the wearer or design but also beneficial for the environment.
Using the cellulosic substance from the wood pulp the man-made fibres are manufactured. They have both the man-made fibre quality & natural fibre strength & thus the most widely used. Rayon is one of the oldest & most used fibre in this category.
Wonder fibre – Lyocell – regenerated fibre
Among many regenerated fibres One of the wonder innovation is biodegradable-regenerated fibre called LYOCELL. It’s a form of rayon which is originated by wood pulp. Eucalyptus is primarily used for lyocell production. TENCEL is the brand name of lyocell. This research was developed with a cause to save “deforestation”.
Lyocell as a fibre “composed of cellulose precipitated from an organic solution in which no substitution of the hydroxyl groups takes place and no chemical intermediates are formed”. Thus, the manufacturing cost of lyocell is more expensive in comparison to viscose or cotton. Lyocell shares many properties with other cellulosic fibres such as cotton, linen, ramie and viscose rayon. Some main characteristics of lyocell fibres are that they are soft, absorbent, very strong when wet or dry, and resistant to wrinkles.
Only few countries like USA, China & Europe can produce lyocell fibre. Asia is the biggest consumer of this fibre in the world. The demand for the fibre is just increasing everyday & is expected that Lyocell fibre market size will grow into millions by 2025.
The fibre is used in many everyday clothing. Staple fibres are used in clothes such as denim, chino, underwear, casual wear and towels. Filament fibres are used in dress, shirts etc because of their longer & smoother appearance. They are also blended with variety of fibres such as silk, cotton, rayon, polyester, linen, nylon & wool. It is also use in conveyer belt, speciality papers & medical dressings.
New inventions of lyocell
LENZING the company which are mainly into concept of environmental sustainability & eco consciousness providing sustainable & resource preserving production technologies.
Their one of the recent times innovation is SMART PACKAGING. These package bags are done using lyocell fibres which are completely biodegradable & doesn’t harm the eco system in any way. These bags are more suited for fruits & vegetables.
They are also Launching flushable wipes created using lyocell fibres & the product is released with the name of “VEOCEL”. Versatile and tailor-made for daily care routines, the new Veocel Lyocell fibre with Lenzing’s Eco Disperse technology offers optimized flushability and represents the most advanced fibre under the Veocel brand portfolio. Generally, all the wipes are non-woven & blended with polyester which is not bio degradable, whereas Veocel Lyocell fibres offers value- added benefits of enhanced absorbency, natural smoothness, and most importantly, biodegradability.
Fabric is the main source for living & usage of biodegradable fibres directly helps in building our eco system. This is the major reason for new innovations & development in the field of textile